ICCS 2022: International Results and Report Released

ICCS 2022

The ICCS 2022 international results and report are now available.

The study investigated civic and citizenship education in 22 countries and two benchmarking participants in a 23rd country. In total, around 82,000 lower-secondary students from approximately 3,400 schools participated, along with roughly 40,000 teachers from these schools.

Major findings from ICCS 2022 include:

  • Stagnation in civic knowledge: Unlike previous cycles, there was no increase in civic knowledge across the countries that participated in both 2016 and 2022.

  • Gender disparities in civic knowledge: Girls showed higher levels of civic knowledge compared to boys in 18 countries. 

  • Socioeconomic influence: Students from higher socioeconomic backgrounds demonstrated greater civic knowledge than those from lower socioeconomic backgrounds.

  • Associations with civic knowledge: Higher levels of civic knowledge were linked to increased support for gender equality, stronger endorsement of equal rights for immigrants and all ethnic groups, and greater openness to diversity.

  • Environmental concerns: There was widespread support for environmental protection, with heightened concern about climate change compared to 2016.

  • Views on democracy: While three-quarters of the students globally affirmed their belief in democracy as the best form of government, many expressed critical views about the functioning of the democratic system, and just over half felt their elected representatives represented their interests well.

ICCS results provide valuable insights for informed decision-making on educational policies and practices.