Education Indicators in Focus: How do public and private schools differ in OECD countries?

Private schools educate about 20% of students from early childhood to secondary education, maintaining consistent enrollment since 2015. They enjoy greater autonomy, face fewer resource shortages, and exhibited better resilience during the COVID-19 pandemic compared to public schools. However, their academic advantage in assessments like PISA 2022 often results from enrolling more students from affluent socio-economic backgrounds. Increasing socio-economic diversity remains a significant challenge in both public and private education, prompting ongoing efforts over the past decade.